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Federal Lighting Requirements

Federal Lighting Requirements
 
IMPORTANT NOTE: Every lamp, reflex reflector, and conspicuity treatment must be permanently attached in the location specified below and must comply
with all applicable requirements prescribed for it by FMVSS/CMVSS 108. The face of any device on the front/rear and sides should be, respectively perpendicular
and parallel to the vehicle’s centerline, unless it is photometrically certified at installation angle. No part of the vehicle shall prevent any device from meeting its
prescribed requirements unless an auxiliary device meeting all prescribed requirements in installed.

IN CANADA: Manufacturers and importers of vehicles must have the proper certification test records demonstrating compliance of lighting components
with all prescribed requirements
BASIC EQUIPMENT REQUIRED ON ALL TRAILERS
Description Mandatory Requirements
Area Equipment SAE Lens
Coding
Functional Purpose Quantity Color Location Height mm(in.)
from the ground
1 Tail Lamps (T) Indicate vehicle's presence and width Minimum 2 Red On the rear - symmetrical as far apart as practicable 380-1830
(15-72)
Stop Lamps (S) Indicate braking Minimum 2 Red On the rear - symmetrical as far apart as practicable 380-1830
(15-72)
Rear Turn Signal Lamps (I) Indicate direction of turn Minimum 2 Red or Yellow On the rear - symmetrical as far apart as practicable 380-2110
(15-83)
Rear Reflex Reflectors (A) Indicate vehicle's presence and width Minimum 2 Red On the rear - symmetrical as far apart as practicable
facing rearward
380-1530
(15-60)
2 License Plate Lamp(s) (L) Illuminates license plate Minimum 1 White On the rear - above or at the sides of license plate No requirement
3 Rear Side Marker Lamps
*photometrically certified at installation angle
(P2, PC* or P3, PC2*) Front and rear side marker lamps / side reflex reflectors indicate vehicle's presence and length Minimum 2 Red Each side at rear, as far back as practicable 380-1530 (15-60) no max. for veh. under 2032mm (80") wide
Rear Side Reflectors (A) Minimum 2 Red Each side at rear, as far back as practicable
facing sideward
380-1530
(15-60)
4a Front Side Marker Lamps
*photometrically certified at installation angle
(P2, PC* or P3, PC2*) Minimum 2 Yellow Each side at front as far as practicable 380 (15)
minimum
4b Front Side Reflex Reflectors (A) Minimum 2 Yellow Each side at front as far as practicable facing sideward 380-1530
(15-60)

ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT FOR TRAILERS EXCEEDING THE FOLLOWING PARAMETERS
Length 9.1m (30 ft.) or longer
Description Mandatory Requirements
Area Equipment SAE Lens
Coding
Functional Purpose Quantity Color Location Height mm(in.)
from the ground
5a Intermediate Side Marker Lamps (P2 or P3) Indicate presence of a long vehicle Minimum 2 Yellow Each side near center facing sideward 380 (15)
minimum
5b Intermediate Side Reflex Reflectors (A) Indicate presence of a long vehicle Minimum 2 Yellow Each side near center facing sideward 380-1530
(15-60)
Width 2032mm (80in.) or wider
Description Mandatory Requirements
Area Equipment SAE Lens
Coding
Functional Purpose Quantity Color Location Height
6 Rear Clearance Lamps
*photometrically certified at installation angle
(P2, PC* or P3, PC2*) Show vehicle's width, MAY NOT be combined with tail lamps. Minimum 2 Red At widest point - symmetrical on the rear or near the rear facing rearward As high as practicable, may be lower only if ID lamps are at the top
7 Rear Identification (ID) Lamps (P2 or P3) Indicate presence of vehicle Exactly 3 Red On the rear - center horizontally spaced 150mm (6 in.) to 300mm (12 in.) apart facing rearward At the top - may be lower if door header narrower than 25mm
8 Front Clearance Lamps
*photometrically certified at installation angle
(P2, PC* or P3, PC2*) Show vehicle's width Minimum 2 Yellow At widest point - symmetrical on the front or near the front facing forward As high as practicable
Width 2032mm (80in.) or wider AND GVWR 4535 kg (10,000 lb.) or more
Description Mandatory Requirements
Area Conspicuity Treatment Dot Coding Quantity Color Location Height Options
9 Rear Upper Body Markings DOT-C
DOT-C2
DOT-C3
DOT-C4
Exactly 2 pairs of 300mm long strips White On the rear upper corners facing rearwards At the top Reflex reflectors may not be required if they are replaced in their required location with conspicuity treatment.

Option in Canada:

Rear lower body and side conspicuity treatment may also be solid white, solid yellow, or white and yellow.
10 Bumper Bar Marking Continuous Red/White On the rear bumper bar's horizontal element full width - facing rearward No requirement
11 Rear Lower Marking Continuous Red/White
(see options)
On the rear full width of the vehicle facing rearward As horizontal as practicable and as close as practicable to the range of 375 to 1525mm from the ground
12 Side Marking (see location) Red/White
(see options)
Each side - facing sideward continuous, or evenly spaced over a minimum of 50% of the length, starts and ends as close to the front and rear of the vehicle as practicable As horizontal as practicable and as close as practicable to the range of 375 to 1525mm from the ground
 
NOTE: The edge of red conspicuity tape shall not be closer than 75 mm to the edge of any amber lamp and the edge of white conspicuity tape shall not be closer than 75 mm to the edge of any lamp
 
   

Lighting Requirements

Lighting Requirements

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